Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis. It is a condition in which the naturally occurring cushioning (synovial cartilage) that is present between the joints, wears away.
Due to this condition, the bones of the joints tend to rub more closely against one another, and this rubbing results in knee pain, swelling, and sometimes it may also lead to the formation of bone spurs. Osteoarthritis is a condition that is usually found in individuals above the age of 45 years, but in certain cases, it may also be found in younger individuals.
Age is one of the main causes of this condition, With aging, there is wear and tear of the synovial cartilage within the knee joint. This wear and tear will depend on your lifestyle and genetics.
Obese people are at increased risk for osteoarthritis. Excess body weight puts a strain on the knee joint and aggravates wear and tear of the cartilage.
Genetic factors do play a role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. If you have a family history of osteoarthritis, you are at higher risk for developing it. Occupations that put excess stress on knee joints like sports, weight lifting cause premature damage to knee cartilage.
This results in early-onset knee osteoarthritis. Women above 50-55 years of age are more likely to develop osteoarthritis of the knee. This is mostly related to menopause and associate dhormone changes in body.
Injection of viscosupplements known as hyaluronic acid is extremely helpful to reduce pain. Viscosupplements are artificial synovial fluid and help to lubricate the joint.
The best results are obtained with multidisciplinary treatment for knee osteoarthritis.
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