Plantar Fasciitis is the common cause of heel pain that causes inflammation in your Plantar Fascia. The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue that connects your heel bones to your toes directly. If you strain your plantar fascia tissue, it gets weaken, swollen and irritated.
Plantar Fasciitis is most common in middle-aged people. It can also occur in young people who are on their feet a lot, like athletes. It can occur in one foot or both.
Plantar Fasciitis is caused by straining the flat band of tissue that supports your arch. Repeated strains can cause tears in the fascia at the heel attachment. This can lead to pain and swelling. Most common causes of the Plantar Fasciitis are as follows:
1.) You are overweight.
2.) You wear shoes that don’t fit well.
3.) You have high arches or flat feet.
4.) Your feet roll inward too much when you walk.
5.) You have calf muscles or tight Achilles tendons.
Most of the people feel pain when they walk or take steep steps. People may feel pain when they get out of bed or sit for a long time. You will feel less pain and stiffness after you take a few steps. But your feet may hurt more as the day goes on.
There is not any specific treatment that works best for the patient with Plantar Fasciitis. You need to try many things to help your feet get better:
1.) To reduce your pain and swelling, you can try putting ice on your heel. You can also take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen or naproxen.
2.) Give your feet a proper rest. Try to cut back your day to day activities. Try not to run or walk on hard surfaces.
3.) Do calf stretches, toe stretches and towel stretches several times a day, especially in the morning. (For towel stretches, you can pull both ends of a rolled towel that you place under the ball of your feet.
4.) Get a good pair of shoes. Try to pick the right shoes which support your arch in a proper manner. Use a properly cushioned sole for better grip.
5.) Physiotherapy treatment is quite effective in many patients wherein ultrasound is used to reduce the inflammation of the fascia, certain stretches to make it heal and exercises to strengthen the muscles around foot.
6.) Few patients do not get relief even after all the treatments and they have to undergo a small injection procedure. A therapeutic dose of steroid is injected at the plantar fascia attachment at the heel. Usually, there is a complete resolution of symptoms within 10 to 15 days. Rarely there may be a need for a repeat injection.
7.) PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) injection is another injection used to cure plantar fasciitis. Patients’ own blood is used to prepare platelet concentrate and that concentrate is then injected at the painful site. Based on the response the second injection can be done within 3 to 4 weeks. It has shown excellent results and helps in natural healing.
You need to stay focused on your treatment. If you don’t you may feel constant pain when you stand or walk. The sooner you start your treatment options, the sooner your feet will recover.