Fibromyalgia is a disorder that is described by widespread musculoskeletal pain. It is also associated with by poor quality of sleep, tiredness, memory impairment and mood issues. Fibromyalgia is a complex disorder. Its exact mechanism is not clearly understood till date. Genetic and environmental factors combine to develop fibromyalgia.
The basic problem in fibromyalgia is altered pain signal processing in brain. There is associated hyperexcitability in nervous system. Fibromyalgia is frequently associated with depression.
Doctors don’t have the exact reason why fibromyalgia happens, but it mostly involves a variety of factors that work together. These include:
Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:
Diagnosis of fibromyalgia is mainly by detailed clinical assessment and examination. Blood test, X ary and MRI are done mainly to exclude any other pain condition.
In general, treatment for Fibromyalgia includes both self-care and medications. The main focus of doctors is always on minimizing symptoms and improving the overall general health of a patient.
Different pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen may be helpful to overcome pain. Antidepressants such as duloxetine, milnacipran may help ease the fatigue and pain associated with fibromyalgia.
A variety of different therapies can help reduce the effect of Fibromyalgia on your body and life. A physical therapist can help you teach different exercises that will help you to improve your strength, flexibility and stamina.
A multidisciplinary approach to treat fibromyalgia is best and gives good results.