Fibromyalgia, Its Causes Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment


Fibromyalgia is a disorder that is described by widespread musculoskeletal pain. It is also associated with by poor quality of sleep, tiredness, memory impairment  and mood issues. Fibromyalgia is a complex disorder. Its exact mechanism is not clearly understood till date. Genetic and environmental  factors combine to develop fibromyalgia.

The basic problem in fibromyalgia is altered pain signal processing in brain. There is associated hyperexcitability in nervous system. Fibromyalgia is frequently associated with depression.

Fibromyalgia Causes

Doctors don’t have the exact reason why fibromyalgia happens, but it mostly involves a variety of factors that work together. These include:

  • Genetics: Genetics can be a significant reason for fibromyalgia. There might be sure hereditary changes that can open you to build up the disorder.
  • Emotional or Physical Trauma: Fibromyalgia can be   activated by physical injuries, such as a car accident. Mental conditions can build up the state of fibromyalgia. After a traumatic incident in life, Fibromyalgia can develop along with post traumatic stress disorder.
  • Autoimmune diseases: Fibromyalgia may be associated with autoimmune diseases like Rheumatoid arthritis.

Fibromyalgia Symptoms

Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

  • Widespread Pain: The pain associated with fibromyalgia is frequently a steady dull ache that can keep going for around three months. To be viewed as widespread, the pain must occur on the two sides of the body, above and underneath your waist.
  • Fatigue: People dealing with fibromyalgia are often awakened tired and sleepy. Sleep is mainly disturbed by the pain. Alongside this, fibromyalgia patients have other rest issues, for example, restless legs syndrome disorder or sleep apnea. These patients often wake up feeling tired inspite of sleeping for 7 to 8 hours at night.
  • Cognitive Difficulties: “Fibro Fog” is a symptom that impairs the ability to focus, concentrate and pay attention to mental tasks.
  • Lack of appetite, ringing sound in ears, feverish sensation are other symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia Diagnosis

Diagnosis of fibromyalgia is mainly by detailed clinical assessment and examination. Blood test, X ary and MRI are done mainly to exclude any other pain condition.

Fibromyalgia Treatment

In general, treatment for Fibromyalgia includes both self-care and medications. The main focus of doctors is always on minimizing symptoms and improving the overall general health of a patient.

Different pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen may be helpful to overcome pain. Antidepressants such as duloxetine, milnacipran may help ease the fatigue and pain associated with fibromyalgia.

A variety of different therapies can help reduce the effect of Fibromyalgia on your body and life. A physical therapist can help you teach different exercises that will help you to improve your strength, flexibility and stamina.

A multidisciplinary approach to treat fibromyalgia is best and gives good results.

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