Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is the condition of compression of the nerves and blood vessels of the brachial plexus. TOS can be caused by repetitive injuries, accident or trauma, pregnancy, and more. The patient could feel symptoms like pain in the shoulders, back, neck, and hands, pins-and-needles sensation in the fingers, and discoloration of the extremities caused by flushing. Manual therapy, myofascial stretching therapy, and postural instruction are some of the methods of treating this condition.
Cervical spondylosis, also called cervical osteoarthritis, is a condition involving changes to the bones, discs, and joints of the neck caused either by aging or secondarily due to trauma or pathological condition, resulting in degeneration of discs and spinal stenosis.
Cervicogenic headaches are caused by neck disorders or lesions. In this condition, the source of the pain and location of the pain are different. The problem could lie in the neck and the pain is experienced in the head. It is caused when the cervical spine in the neck or associated soft tissue is in spasm or is dysfunctional. This problem is mostly caused due to improper posture sustained for long periods of time. Treatment for this condition includes medication, physical therapy, and regular exercise.
Stretching of the neck muscles and tendons is known as cervical strain. This can be caused by whiplash, when your neck is whipped back and forth forcefully and suddenly. It can also be caused by poor and awkward posture. Symptoms related to this condition include pain and stiffness in the neck, headaches, dizziness, and shoulder pain among others. Cervical strain can be easily treated using non-surgical options like physical therapy, electrical simulation, manual therapy, massage, and application of heat or ice packs. Patients can also experience a certain amount of pain relief by using a cervical collar.
Cervical Herniated Disc or Ruptured Disc
The herniation (or bulging out) of the inner core of a cervical disc situated in the neck region leading to pinching of a cervical nerve is diagnosed as cervical herniated disc. The pain associated with this condition varies in accordance with the location of the herniation and pinching. Patients generally feel pain in their hands, necks, fingers, arms, and shoulders. For immediate relief, patients will be prescribed anti-inflammatory medicines as well as painkillers. Long term treatment includes traction, physical therapy, and lifestyle modification.