There are plentiful conditions in our life to visit with the miserable situations relating to pain stalking moments. It is times when we get around several disastrous options where pain is such sever with its chronic issues; to cut short the same pains pertaining with shoulders, back, neck, knees, wrist and ankle. With this the situation, it becomes compulsory to get utmost relieve at a single go!! If you are looking for the same step to match your footsteps, check this article with our representative conditions. If you are interested, ensure the same with your physicians; an option to provide greatest results attaining safety.
Cervical strain is a condition of chronic pain; an option which is faced by the body with usage of the improper posture, improper sitting or sleeping, and loading of neckline, for a period. With this the situation, it becomes hard to revolve the neck sidewise. This pain often gets resolved with the usage of analgesics or heat, but if the same does not resolves; you should visit your physician if the same exists for more than four days.
Cervical postural syndrome:
A typical syndrome from contemporary scenario caused with back or neckline; the cause with this syndrome results with desk jobs for a long. The muscles like sternocleidomastiod, pectoralis major, scalenii and trapezius gets tight or shortened; whereas other muscles like anterior, serratus, dorsi, latissimus, and rhomboids gets much weakened with their lengthening process. Its treatment involves postural evaluation, ergonomically calculated workstation, expert stretching done along the tight muscles or medicinal strengthening done along the weak muscles.
Cervical disc condition:
It is quite a terrific condition of spine; which is even less involved than the back but is greatly involved with the pain stalking moments. Arm pain is often disturbing, when you dont get the place of pain, but is sever with the pain; it is quite a common instance leading to herniation of spine disc- leading much more to the disc pinches, which are even risers of pains. It is better if it gets cured within two to three days, or else a doctor consultation along with MRI or CT scan is needed. You can also opt for the physical therapies which include electrical modalities, stabilization exercises, and gentle manipulations.
Cervical radiculopathy is another option which even stresses human life with pains; an option which compress the nerves along the neck area. It can be rectified with medications but it provides a temporary relief. It is better to get into the doctorial prescriptions to avoid the pain, from life.
Cervical Spondylitis is a very common disorder which is normally seen with elderly people above the age of 55. The main cause lies with this disorder is the bad posture or lack of exercise in the cervical region. If you are sitting near the computer for hours; it is quite official an option to visit your body to disturb your peace. With this scenario, doctor consultation is needed to alleviate the same.
- Narrowing of the cervical vertebrae with disc space reduction.
- Friction between two vertebral bodies created by this narrowing, with an osteophyte (bony spur) formation.
- Loss of normal concavity in the cervical region, i.e., loss of lordosis.
- Symptoms of vascular insufficiency.
- Numbness and tingling sensation in the hands or feet due to the compression of the cervical nerve roots.
The most common symptom is pain in the neck, worsening with exertion and relieved, in the early stages, by rest. This pain often radiates down to the hand, with the fingers becoming numb due to compression of the nerves that innervate the upper extremity.
Thoracic outlet syndrome:
This is a quite rare condition that affects the neck. Thoracic outlet is a narrow space through which the cervical nerves and blood vessles to arm are passing. This space bounded in front by the collar bone (clavicle) and behind by the rib and muscles (scalenii). The syndromes which can be a part of thoracic outlet syndrome are cervical rib syndrome, costoclavicular syndrome and scalene anticus syndrome. Due to these syndromes this space may get narrowed and symptoms relating to compressed nerves and blood vessels may be seen. There is usually a cluster of symptoms seen including coldness, fatigue, numbness, swelling and weakness. The pain is agonizing and patient feels distressed with this condition. available to treat thoracic outlet syndrome.
There are several such options which are interested to disturb your mental peace by attacking your shoulder, they are:
Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder):
Adhesive capsulitis much known as frozen shoulder- Mostly visited with females aged above 40. The main cause lies underneath is stiffening of the capsule around shoulder joint. It can be rectified with an expert intervention to restore its movement power.
Shoulder instability- It is a problem which occurs when the shoulder joint becomes ineffective with its socket. It becomes too loose or too much tight with the condition to increase the pain. It is the much senior cause of dislocation, which gets its utmost relief from expert intervention.
Shoulder dislocation- It is the common option related to shoulder subluxation or dislocation. It is quite common with people who are related to sports. It can be served with temporary cure- providing medicines but utmost cure is achieved with doctors consultation.
Impingment syndrome- It is also known for swimmers shoulder- a common pain with the sports persons. Electrical modalities are efficient enough to treat the pain; ultrasound is an option which helps to lessen the pain. Taping the portion along rest position can also provide good results.
There is an option which can even disturb your peace with paining elbow. Tennis elbow is the much popular option with sports personalities. It appears with the condition when the posture for playing is improper; the term is scientifically known for epicondylitis. It appears with the poor gripping problems, which never facilitates the sports persons. It is advised to the individual to visit their fitness advisors; to get the utmost relief from the condition.
Carpal tunnel syndrome:
The wrist is surrounded by a band of fibrous tissue that normally functions as a support for the joint. The tight space between this fibrous band and the wrist bone is called the carpal tunnel. The median nerve passes through the carpal tunnel to receive sensations from the thumb, index, and middle fingers of the hand. Any condition that causes swelling or a change in position of the tissue within the carpal tunnel can squeeze and irritate the median nerve. Irritation of the median nerve in this manner causes tingling and numbness of the thumb, index, and the middle fingers – a condition known as "carpal tunnel syndrome." obesity, pregnancy, hypothyroidism, arthritis, diabetes, and trauma. Tendon inflammation resulting from repetitive work, such as uninterrupted typing, can also cause carpal tunnel symptoms.
People with carpal tunnel syndrome initially feel numbness and tingling of the hand in the distribution of the median nerve (the thumb, index, middle, and part of the fourth fingers). These sensations are often more pronounced at night and can awaken people from sleep. The reason symptoms are worse at night may be related to the flexed-wrist sleeping position and/or fluid accumulating around the wrist and hand while lying flat. Treatment usually includes rest, immobilization of the wrist in a splint, and occasionally ice application. Those whose occupations are aggravating the symptoms should modify their activities. For example, computer keyboards and chair height may need to be adjusted to optimize comfort. These measures, as well as periodic resting and range of motion stretching exercise of the wrists can actually prevent the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome that are caused by repetitive overuse.
Postural back pain
Not maintaining good posture adds strain to muscles and put stress on the spine. Over time, the stress of poor posture can change the anatomical characteristics of the spine, leading to the problems with muscles, discs and joints. All of these can be major contributors to back and neck pain, as well as headaches, fatigue, and possibly even concerns with major organs and breathing. Having correct posture means keeping each part of the body in alignment with the neighboring parts. Proper posture keeps all parts balanced and supported. With appropriate posture (when standing) it should be possible to draw a straight line from the earlobe, through the shoulder, hip, knee, and into the middle of the ankle.
We assume several positions throughout the day (sitting, standing, bending, stooping, and lying down) that is why it’s important to learn how to attain and keep correct posture in each position. For correction of poor posture it is important to determine where improvement is needed, such as when sitting in an office chair. Next, patients must work on changing daily habits to correct those areas. This effort will improve back support and over time help decrease back pain and neck pain. It will take some effort and perseverance, and will seem a little unnatural at first. It is typical to feel uncomfortable, and even feel a little taller, but over time the new posture will seem natural and more comfortable.
Following are some guidelines of how to achieve good posture and ergonomics in the workplace and other situations.
- Be sure the back is aligned against the back of the office chair. Avoid slouching or leaning forward, especially when tired from sitting in the office chair for long periods
- For long term sitting, such as in an office chair, be sure the chair is ergonomically designed to properly support the back and that it is a custom fit
- When sitting on an office chair at a desk, arms should be flexed at a 75 to 90 degree angle at the elbows. If this is not the case, the office chair should be adjusted accordingly
- Knees should be even with the hips, or slightly higher when sitting in the office chair
- Keep both feet flat on the floor. If there's a problem with feet reaching the floor comfortably, a footrest can be used along with the office chair
- Sit in the office chair with shoulders straight
- Don't sit in one place for too long, even in ergonomic office chairs that have good back support. Get up and walk around and stretch as needed
- Stand with weight mostly on the balls of the feet, not with weight on the heels
- Keep feet slightly apart, about shoulder-width
- Let arms hang naturally down the sides of the body
- Avoid locking the knees
- Tuck the chin in a little to keep the head level
- Be sure the head is square on top of the neck and spine, not pushed out forward
- Stand straight and tall, with shoulders upright
- If standing for a long period of time, shift weight from one foot to the other, or rock from heels to toes.
- Stand against a wall with shoulders and bottom touching wall. In this position, the back of the head should also touch the wall - if it does not, the head is carried to far forward (anterior head carriage).
- Keep the head up and eyes looking straight ahead
- Avoid pushing the head forward
- Keep shoulders properly aligned with the rest of the body
- Sit with the back firmly against the seat for proper back support
- The seat should be a proper distance from the pedals and steering wheel to avoid leaning forward or reaching
- The headrest should support the middle of the head to keep it upright. Tilt the headrest forward if possible to make sure that the head-to-headrest distance is not more than four inches.
Posture and Ergonomics While Lifting and Carrying
- Always bend at the knees, not the waist
- Use the large leg and stomach muscles for lifting, not the lower back
- If necessary, get a supportive belt to help maintain good posture while lifting
- When carrying what a heavy or large object, keep it close to the chest
- If carrying something with one arm, switch arms frequently
- When carrying a backpack or purse, keep it as light as possible, and balance the weight on both sides as much as possible, or alternate from side to side
- When carrying a backpack, avoid leaning forward or rounding the shoulders. If the weight feels like too much, consider using a rolling backpack with wheels.
Sleeping Posture with Mattresses and Pillows
- A relatively firm mattress is generally best for proper back support, although individual preference is very important
- Sleeping on the side or back is usually more comfortable for the back than sleeping on the stomach
- Use a pillow to provide proper support and alignment for the head and shoulders
- Consider putting a rolled-up towel under the neck and a pillow under the knees to better support the spine
- If sleeping on the side, a relatively flat pillow placed between the legs will help keep the spine aligned and straight.
Lumbar disc problems(Sciatica):
A common cause of low back with leg pain is a ruptured or herniated disc. It occurs after a long duration of using incorrect posture or may be caused by a single event like lifting something heavy from ground. Symptoms may include dull or sharp pain, muscle spasm or cramping, sciatica, and leg weakness or loss of leg function. Sneezing, coughing, or bending usually intensifies the pain.
Sciatica is a symptom frequently associated with a lumbar herniated disc. Pressure on one or several nerves that contribute to the sciatic nerve can cause pain, burning, tingling, and numbness that extends from the buttock into the leg and sometimes into the foot. Usually one side (left or right) is affected.
Disc herniation occurs when the annulus fibrous breaks open or cracks, allowing the nucleus pulposus to escape. This is called a Herniated Nucleus Pulposus (HNP) or herniated disc.
Pain is sometimes the result of pinched nerves that are crowded by the leaking nucleus pulposus. A herniated disc can occur slowly over time, taking weeks or months to reach the point when you feel you must seek medical attention. Or, pain may occur suddenly from incorrect lifting or twisting that aggravates a weak disc. If this is the case, call your doctor right away.
There are four stages to the formation of a herniated disc, as shown here:
Progression Of Herniac Disk
Disc Degeneration: During the first stage, the nucleus pulposus weakens due to chemical changes in the disc associated with age. At this state no bulging (herniation) occurs.
- Prolapse: During prolapse, the form or position of the disc changes. A slight bulge or protrusion begins to form, which might begin to crowd the spinal cord.
- Extrusion: During extrusion, the gel-like nucleus pulposus breaks through the tire-like wall of the annulus fibrosus but still remains within the disc.
- Sequestration: During the last stage, the nucleus pulposus breaks through the anulus fibrosus and even moves outside the disc in the spinal canal.
There are several conservative treatment options that may relieve the symptoms associated with a herniated disc. These include: alternate bed rest with ambulation and medications to reduce inflammation and pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often used for this purpose.
Physical therapy may be incorporated into the patient's treatment plan. This might include exercise, massage, thermotherapy, as well as a device designed to support the back - a corset, back belt, or brace. Most patients with a herniated disc will get better without surgery. In few cases, complementary therapies play major role in recovery. Root Block is another procedure performed quite frequently to reduce pain of sciatica. When no improvement is noted after a course of conservative treatment, surgery might be considered. However, most patients with a herniated disc will get better without surgery.
Osteoarthritis is caused by 'wear and tear' on a joint. Most commonly it occurs in knees, the second most common site is hips. It can occur on one side (right or left) or both. Prevalence is more in females than males. It affects the cartilage covering joints;
- Cartilage is the firm, rubbery tissue that cushions your bones at the joints, and allows bones to glide over one another.
- Cartilage can break down and wear away. As a result, the bones rub together, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness.
- Bony spurs or extra bone may form around the joint, and the ligaments and muscles around the hip become weaker and stiffer.
Often, the cause of OA is unknown. It is mainly related to aging. The symptoms of OA usually appear in middle age. Almost everyone has some symptoms by age 70. However, these symptoms may be minor.
Other factors leading to OA.
- OA tends to run in families
- Being overweight increases the risk of OA in the hip, knee, ankle, and foot joints
- Fractures or other joint injuries can lead to OA later in life
- Long-term overuse at work or in sports can lead to OA
Pain and stiffness in the joints are the most common symptoms. The pain is often worse after exercise and when placing weight or pressure on the joint.Joints become stiff and harder to move over time. You may notice a rubbing, grating, or crackling sound when you move the joint.
The phrase "morning stiffness" refers to the pain and stiffness people feel when they first wake up in the morning. Stiffness usually lasts for 30 minutes or less. It is improved by mild activity that "warms up" the joint. During the day, the pain may get worse with activity and feel better when you are resting. After a while, the pain may be present when you're resting. It may even wake you up at night.
An x-ray of affected joints will show a loss of the joint space. In advanced cases, there will be a wearing down of the ends of the bone and bone spurs.
OA cannot be cured. It will also most likely become worse over time. However, your OA symptoms can be controlled.
Painkillers are most commonly prescribed to control pain and inflammation. Corticosteroids injected right into the joint can also be used to reduce swelling and pain. However, relief only lasts for a limited time. More than two or three injections a year may be harmful. In few cases, complementary therapies play major role in recovery.
Many people use over-the-counter remedies such as glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate.
- These supplements may help control pain, although they do not seem to help your joint grow new cartilage.
- Some doctors recommend a trial period of 3 months to see whether glucosamine and chondroitin work.
Exercise helps maintain joint and overall movement. Ask your health care provider to recommend an appropriate home exercise routine. Water exercises, such as swimming, are especially helpful.
Other lifestyle recommendations include:
- Applying heat and cold
- Eating a healthy, balanced diet
- Getting rest
- Losing weight if you are overweight
- Protecting the joints
As the pain from your hip or knee OA becomes worse, keeping up with everyday activities may become more difficult or painful.
- Sometimes making changes around the home will take some stress off your joints, and relieve some of the pain.
- People whose work is causing stress in certain joints should find ways to reduce trauma. You may need to adjust your work area or change work tasks.
Physical therapy can help improve muscle strength and the motion of stiff joints, as well as your sense of balance. Therapists have many techniques for treating OA. If therapy does not make you feel better after 6 - 8 weeks, then it likely will not work at all.
Splints and braces can sometimes support weakened joints. Some prevent the joint from moving; others allow some movement. You should use a brace only when your doctor or therapist recommends one. Using a brace the wrong way can cause joint damage, stiffness, and pain.
Also called as Runner’s knee this condition presents with pain at back of the knee cap. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is a common cause of pain around the knee cap. When the knee bends or straightens, the knee cap glides in a special groove on the thigh bone, controlled by the quadriceps (thigh) muscles. However, for several reasons it may stray from this path (usually towards the outside of the knee). This is called Patellofemoral Maltracking and produces abnormal stresses on the under-surface of the patella that can cause knee cap pain.
Signs & symptoms:
- Pain at the front of the knee while ascending or, more often, descending stairs.
- Pain at the front of the knee whilst running.
- Knee pain during prolonged sitting.
Treatment of PTFS consists of anti-inflammatory drugs, rest and electrical modalities, after resting the knee until the pain and swelling go down, you may need reconditioning to regain full range of motion, strength, power, endurance, speed, agility, and coordination. Other nonsurgical treatments involve taping the kneecap or using a special brace for knee support during sports participation. Special shoe inserts (orthotics) may sometimes be prescribed and may help relieve the pain.
The most common type of ankle injury is a sprain. A sprain is stretching and tearing of ligaments (fibrous bands connecting adjacent bones in a joint.) Ankle is surrounded by many ligaments, the ligaments on the outer side are more prone to injury than the inner side.
The most frequently seen sprain occurs when weight is applied to a foot which is on an uneven surface, and the foot "rolls in" (inversion). Many patients report hearing a "snap" or "pop" at the time of the injury. This is usually followed by pain and swelling on the lateral aspect of the ankle.
THE MOST IMPORTANT INITIAL MANAGEMENT OF A SPRAIN IS,
- R - rest
- I - ice
- C - compression
- E - elevation
Many of the problems resulting from sprains are due to blood and edema in and around the ankle. Minimizing swelling helps the ankle heal faster. The RICE regimen facilitates this.
If the ankle is obviously fractured or dislocated, then medical attention should be sought immediately.
After the initial 24 hours the patient can begin partial weight bearing using crutches. Gradually, progressing to full weight bearing over several days as tolerated. An ankle brace may be necessary to protect the joint from reinjury. As soon as pain allows, rehabilitation exercises should be done.